Since the breakup of the Soviet Union and the fall of the Iron Curtain, Romania has been working very hard to develop a comprehensive system capable of addressing substance abuse and addiction. Drug and alcohol rehab in Romania is not as widespread as you might find in other countries in Europe, but it is available if you know where to look. Treatment is available through both public and private organisations at many different levels.
Individuals in need of alcohol or drug rehab in Romania are better off working through organisations like ours rather than consulting medical professionals. While the country’s medical professionals do recommend outpatient and inpatient treatment for alcohol and other substances, most are not involved in treatment in any way unless that is their area of speciality. Referral organisations such as Addiction Helper tend to have more information and a larger number of resources for connecting patients to treatment centres in that country and elsewhere.
Three Tiers of Rehab in Romania
If you live in Romania or are planning to travel there for treatment, the first thing you should know is that the system is a three-tiered system. In other words, there are three distinct levels of treatment and care intended to meet patient needs in a way that is aligned with the seriousness of their problems.
The first level of rehab offers mainly medical assistance along with a limited set of social services. Substance abusers hoping to access the second level of care usually start by going through the first. Treatment begins at a hospital A&E or a medical assistance unit operated by the Ministry of Health, an approved non-government organisation (NGO), or a private rehab provider. Social services are provided through local governments.
The second level of rehab is exclusively public in nature, provided through government agencies and NGOs. It combines limited medical treatments with psychiatric care for specialised needs. It puts a greater emphasis on mental health and its relation to addiction.
The third and final level of rehab is considered highly specialised care in Romania. It offers comprehensive treatment that includes medically-assisted detox followed by a series of residential therapeutic treatments. This third level of care would be comparable to the private, residential treatment offered throughout Western Europe.
Unfortunately, it is not clear how non-Romanians would access alcohol rehab through public services. If they wanted to immediately go with private treatment instead, doing so would be a matter of contacting a private treatment centre and arranging enrolment. Though the total number of private clinics in the country is comparatively small, they do exist in cities like Bucharest and Cluj-Napoca. Organisations such as Blue Cross, AA, Narconon, and Castle Craig are known to run private clinics in Romania.
Is Alcohol Rehab in Romania Outpatient-Based?
The three-tiered system used in Romania makes it difficult to establish clear parameters defining what treatment is like. For example, we could not say unequivocally that every alcoholic would be offered an outpatient treatment programme involving regular day clinic visits. Some may be offered outpatient treatment while others are referred directly to comprehensive residential treatment.
That said, outpatient rehab does exist throughout the country. Patients receiving outpatient care would likely do so through the first level of care rather than the second or third. It is also possible to enrol in an outpatient programme under the second level of care inasmuch as psychiatric services can be provided without requiring a residential stay.
Be aware that outpatient rehab does not include residential detox. In other words, addicts are led through the detox process by way of their daily visits to the day clinic. Detox is medically supervised and takes as long as necessary for patients to stop using. That means patients can be in the midst of outpatient detox while simultaneously undergoing counselling or psychiatric treatment.
What Does Inpatient Drug Rehab in Romania Look Like?
Inpatient rehab is by far the most comprehensive treatment approach for addicts. It is the only means by which patients can participate in residential detox in a medically supervised setting. Detox is followed by a series of therapeutic treatments aimed at addressing the underlying causes of addiction. In this regard, residential treatment follows a rather predictable process consistent with similar treatments throughout Europe.
The Romanian system places a heavy emphasis on holistic treatment, but only within level 3 care. The first two levels of care focus mainly on the physical (level 1) or the psychological (level 2). Therefore, referral organisations like ours recommend addicts in need of rehab go straight to private, residential clinics in their search of comprehensive, holistic treatment.
Another thing to be aware of is that aftercare services are sorely lacking. Such services are not even considered at the conclusion of level 1 or level 2 treatment, so patients wishing to follow up on their own and must do so by working with local counsellors, doctors, or support groups. Thankfully, there are numerous support groups throughout Romania’s largest cities.
As for level 3 care, aftercare services are generally provided only by private rehab clinics as part of their total compendium of care. Discharged patients continue with follow-up counselling, often provided at the facility itself through a day programme, along with participation in a local 12-step group. Some aftercare programmes also include job training, life skills building, and so on.
Accessing Rehab in Romania
As mentioned at the start of this post, rehab in Romania is not as widespread as it is in other European countries. Patients may not be able to find either outpatient or inpatient rehab nearby unless they live in one of the country’s major cities. However, anyone willing to travel can get the treatment they need to overcome alcohol addiction.
Are you in need of alcohol rehab? If so, we advise that you work through a referral agency like ours. We can help you better understand the severity of your alcohol problem so as to determine what kind of treatment is most suited to you. Then we can then help you locate a rehab clinic that meets your needs. Alcohol rehab is there for you, and it could be the most important step you take in overcoming alcohol addiction.