Known for its outstanding natural beauty, Cumbria is a predominantly rural ceremonial county with a vast amount of coastline on the Irish Sea. The region is a favourite among artists and other creative types who draw inspiration from the sea and inland areas alike. If Cumbria is your home, what do you most appreciate about it?
In the midst of Cumbria’s natural beauty is a reminder that there is no perfect place in England. There are still substance abuse and addiction problems in this north-west section of England, plaguing people of all ages, ethnic groups, and income levels. The truth is that drugs and alcohol can be a problem for anyone who uses them. Substance abuse and addiction are not very selective in choosing victims. If you or a loved one is struggling, you are among many others in Cumbria needing professional help.
Drug and alcohol rehab in Cumbria is made available through private clinics, charities, the NHS and more. For the person in need of help, the challenge is to find the right kind of treatment. Matching substance abusers and addicts with clinics is what we do best at Addiction Helper. We provide free referral services to all those in need throughout Cumbria and the UK.
Substance Abuse and Addiction
Is there a difference between substance abuse and addiction? Yes, there is a line of distinction, although it is a very fine line. Substance abusers are not necessarily addicts in every case. However, all addicts are substance abusers. The line of distinction is drawn by two conditions known as tolerance and dependence. These are defined as follows:
- Tolerance – Drugs and alcohol induce feelings of pleasure by altering chemicals in the brain. When use is consistent, the body slowly adapts so that brain chemicals compensate for the drugs or alcohol in the system. At this point, the same amount ingested by the user no longer produces the same pleasurable feelings; more must be taken as a result. This is called tolerance.
- Dependence – Dependence on drugs or alcohol is a condition in which the substance abuser can no longer function on a day-to-day basis without using. Dependence is characterised by daily, excessive use and the reality that drug or alcohol consumption is the controlling factor in a person’s life.
A substance abuser who is not yet addicted is one who has not reached the point of dependence. However, he or she may have already begun the cycle of tolerance. If that is the case, the individual is just a few short steps away from total addiction. This is why we routinely say that substance abuse left untreated often leads to addiction.
How Treatment Can Help
Professional treatment for drugs and alcohol helps in two ways. First, it interrupts the tolerance and dependence cycle by separating the addict or substance abuser from the substances he or she is using. In some cases, this separation is immediate and complete; in other instances, it is gradual. In either case, the tolerance and dependence cycle must be interrupted for a person to overcome addiction.
Treatment also helps by getting to the root of the emotional and psychological issues that enable continued substance abuse. For some people, the mental and emotional is the more difficult challenge to overcome. Rehab clinics and counsellors use a variety of therapies to help addicts conquer their alcohol and drug demons. Treatment is available for:
- alcohol misuse and dependence
- illicit drug use and addiction
- prescription drug addiction
- misuse and abuse of legal highs
- misuse and abuse of household solvents
- certain behavioural addictions (e.g., sex and gambling).
The length and extent of treatment for each individual is largely dependent on three factors: the substances being used, how long the person has been using, and how well the individual responds to treatment. It is common for a residential rehab programme to last anywhere from four to 12 weeks. Outpatient rehab tends to take a little bit longer due to the lack of concentrated treatment.