Cocaine has intense physical and mental effects on those who use it. These powerful effects are the very factors that can make it difficult for doctors to properly diagnosis a person who may be suffering from mental health issues due to its use.

Mental health issues are a common result of cocaine abuse. Both mental health problems and substance abuse and addiction are considered diseases and need to be dealt with through an integrated treatment programme in order for rehabilitation to be successful.

If only the cocaine addiction is dealt with, there is a great chance of relapse for the user. Cocaine use will either bring out an already existing mental health issue or create a new one for cocaine addicts.

Serious health problems are also a common effect of cocaine use. The use of cocaine is extremely damaging to the body and continued use of the drug can lead to permanent damage and even death.

Short-term physical effects include increased heart rate and blood pressure, decreased appetite and dilated pupils. Short-term cocaine effects can present themselves even in a user who has only tried the drug one time. These short-term effects are noticeable immediately and do not always cause damage; however, since each person reacts differently to the drug, there have been cases of serious bodily damage and even death to first-time users.

The effects of long-term cocaine use will begin to appear after increased periods of use. The severity of these effects is dependent on the amount of cocaine that has been consumed. Long-term effects include paranoia, restlessness, mood swings and addiction.